Today, 14th October 2018, His Holiness Pope Francis
canonised Oscar Romero.
"I am bound, as a pastor, by divine command to give my life for those whom I love, and that is all Salvadoreans, even those who are going to kill me."
These words appeared in a newspaper just two weeks before Archbishop Romero was shot while celebrating Mass in the hospital which had been his home since his enthronement in 1977.
Quiet, unassuming, conservative in temperament and regarded by the church as safely orthodox, he was an unlikely martyr for the cause of liberation.
Oscar Arnulfo Romero y Goldamez was born in 1917 in the town of Cindad Barrios, in the mountains of El Salvador near the border with Honduras. Leaving school at twelve he began an apprenticeship as a carpenter, showing promise as a craftsman, but soon thought about ordination, although his family were not keen. He trained at San Miguel and San Salvador, before completing his theological studies in Rome.
Because of the war in Europe there was no member of his family at his ordination in 1942. Returning to San Salvador in 1944, he served as a country priest before taking charge of two seminaries. In 1966 he became secretary to the El Salvador Bishop’s Conference - a post he held for 23 years. He earned a reputation as an energetic administrator and his inspirational sermons were broadcast across the city of San Miguel by five radio stations.
Oscar became bishop in 1970, serving first as assistant to the aged Archbishop of San Salvador and from 1974 as Bishop of Santiago de Maria. Within three years he was Archbishop of San Salvador.
At that time there was growing unrest in the country, as many became more aware of the great social injustices of the peasant economy. Nearly 40% of the land was owned by a tiny percentage of the population - "a nucleus of families who don’t care about the people… To maintain and increase their margin of profit they repress the people". The majority of ordinary people led impoverished and insecure lives.
Groups of Christians formed to engage in study, worship and group discussion, aiming to follow the gospels and their implications for society. These ‘Basic Communities’ each had their own priest, and a leader elected from among the group. The landowners were alarmed at the sight of uneducated peasants choosing their own spokesmen and concerning themselves with social issues in the name of Christianity. Virulent press campaigns were conducted against them, with accusations of Marxism. Right-wing gangs emerged to carry out active persecution and killings. Men and women just vanished without trace or reason. Death squads roamed the countryside and soldiers attacked any protesters in the square of the capital.
Romero protested at the killing of men and women who had "taken to the streets in orderly fashion to petition for justice and liberty". There were, of course, those who sought change through violence, seizing land and giving landowners cause to react, but Oscar Romero condemned all forms of what he called ‘the mysticism of violence’.
One priest, Fr. Rutilio Grande, was particularly outspoken in denouncing the injustices against the 30,000 peasants working thirty-five sugar-cane farms in his area. Archbishop Romero defended Fr. Grande against official criticism: "The government should not consider a priest who takes a stand for social justice, as a politician, or a subversive element, when he is fulfilling his mission in the politics of the common good". In March 1977, Fr. Grande and two companions were murdered.
Archbishop Romero was summoned to view the bodies - a hint of what happens to meddlesome priests. This and the lack of any official enquiry convinced him that the government employed - or at least supported - people who killed for political convenience. He responded by prohibiting the celebration of Mass anywhere in the country on the following Sunday except at his own Cathedral, a celebration to which all the faithful were invited - and came - overflowing in their thousands into the plaza outside. The event served to unite the faithful and remove any doubts about Romero’s commitment to justice.
The government of course was furious, even more so as the church began to document civil rights abuses and seek the truth in a country governed by lies. Visiting the Pope in 1979, Archbishop Romero presented him with seven dossiers filled with reports and documents describing injustices in El Salvador. Less than a year later, on the 24th March 1980, he was killed.
God our Redeemer, whose Church and people
in El Salvador and throughout the world
were strengthened by the courage of your servant Saint Oscar Romero: so bind us, in life and death, to Christ’s sacrifice, that our lives, broken and offered with his, may carry his death and proclaim his resurrection in the world; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
"It helps now and then to step back and take the long view.
The Kingdom is not only beyond our efforts,
it is even beyond our vision.
We accomplish in our lifetime only a tiny fraction
of the magnificent enterprise that is God’s work.
Nothing we do is complete,
which is another way of saying the Kingdom always
lies beyond us.
No statement says all that could be said;
no prayer fully expresses our faith;
no confession brings perfection,
no pastoral visit brings wholeness.
No programme accomplishes the Church’s mission,
no set goals and objectives include everything.
This is what we are about.
We plant the seeds that one day will grow.
We water seeds already planted,
knowing that they hold future promise.
We lay the foundations that will need further development.
We provide yeast that produces effects far beyond our capabilities.
We cannot do everything
and there is a sense of liberation in realising that.
This enables us to do something and do it well.
It may be incomplete, but is a beginning, a step along the way,
an opportunity for the Lord’s grace to enter and do the rest.
We may never see the end results,
but that is the difference between the master builder and the worker.
We are the workers, not the master builders,
Ministers, not messiahs.
We are the prophets of a future not our own.
Archbishop Oscar Romero
“A Church that doesn’t provoke any crisis;
A Gospel that doesn’t unsettle,
A word of God that doesn’t get under any one’s skin,
A word of God that doesn’t touch the real sin of the society around us,
What Gospel is that!?
The Gospel of Christ is courageous!
The good news of Him who came to transform.
We must be a humble, listening Church.
We must search for the answers
to complex questions and challenges today,
and not presume that we know the answers.
Often, we must admit humbly that we don’t have the answers.”
Jesus said to his twelve disciples,
‘See, I am sending you out like sheep into the midst of wolves;
so be wise as serpents and innocent as doves.
Beware of them, for they will hand you over to councils
and flog you in their synagogues;
You will be dragged before governors and kings because of me.....